Country Profile: Peru at a glance
Three equal, vertical bands of red, white, red . On some versions the coat of arms is centered in the white band. The coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (a relative of the llama), a cinchona tree and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth).
Location: Western South America, between Chile and Ecuador and bordering the Pacific Ocean
Capital: Lima (pop. 9.9 million)
Other major cities: Arequipa (pop. 850,000); Trujillo (798,000)
Population: 30.4 million
Size: Twice as big as Texas (or about the size of Alaska)
Ethnicity: 45% Amerindians; 37% mestizos
Official language: Spanish and Quechua (an Amerindian language)
Religion: 81% Roman Catholic
Government: Constitutional republic
U.S. ambassador to Peru: Brian A. Nichols
Independence: July 28, 1821 from Spain
Legal system: Civil law
Median age: 27 years
Urban population: 79%
Where the population lives: More than 50% lives on the coast
Obesity rate: 20%
GDP: USD$385.4 billion
GDP real growth rate: 2.4% from 2014 to 2015
Labor force: 16.8 million
Ease of doing business index: 50 out of 189 economies
Fiscal year: Calendar year
Internet country code: .pe
Internet users: 16 million (52.6% of the population, but that number is growing rapidly)
Cell phone users: 6.2 million people
Phone code: +(51)
Time zone: EST +1 hour
Electrical: 230V and 60Hz
Visa requirement: Business people traveling to Peru where documents will be signed need to apply for a visa at the Peruvian Consulate before entering the country.
Vaccinations: Yellow fever is recommended
Transportation: Arrange with the hotel if possible, rather than catching taxis in the street.
Famous tourist spot: Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city set high in the Andes mountains.
Culinary: A blend of Amerindian and Spanish food with strong influences from Chinese, African, Arab, Italian and Japanese dishes. Ceviche, lime-marinated seafood, originated in Peru. Another popular dish is anticucho, marinated meat such as beef heart, cooked on a skewer. Guinea pig is also common.
AMCHAM: American Chamber of Commerce website for Peru is www.amcham.org.pe
Examples of local franchises: Pardo Chicken (with one unit in Miami), China Wok and Bembos, a hamburger chain.
Sources: CIA World Factbook, The World Bank, EasyLima website, Bloomberg, U.S. Commercial Service website, eMarketer