Most Franchises Struggle to Grow, but Then There’s the 20%
Thirty percent of young franchises stay little, with one or zero locations after four years in business, a new study by Franchise Grade says.
We routinely write about young franchise concepts because everybody likes to know what’s new in franchising, but a study released today by Franchise Grade shows how long the odds are for those so-called emerging brands.
Just over 30 percent of brands that started four years ago had one or fewer locations, the study said, while 52 percent that started 10 years ago had 50 or fewer franchise locations, according to Ed Teixeira, COO for Franchise Grade, the market research company for franchising in Long Island.
But of course that leaves 20 percent, the percentage of franchises that started from six to 10 years ago and reached or surpassed 100 locations—in other words, the amount that causes prospective franchisees and emerging franchisors to keep on trying.
Emerging franchise systems are defined as having 100 franchised outlets or fewer and account for 71 percent of franchise systems in the United States. Fifty-seven percent of all franchise systems in the United States have 50 or fewer locations, the study says.
“We did it for a couple of reasons, not the least there’s been so much attention lately on emerging franchises,” said Teixeira, about why Franchise Grade did the study. He cited the Springboard event in Philadelphia in September that drew hundreds of emerging franchises, and the International Franchise Association’s offerings for young brands. “Last year the IFA had a workshop for emerging franchises,” after its annual convention, and it drew a standing-room only crowd. In early November the IFA is hosting an Emerging Franchisors Conference in Phoenix.
He said the stats aren’t depressing, as I had opined, “but rather just to show what the situation’s like.” Twenty percent are doing great, the study shows. “Unfortunately there are some others that either should not have franchised, or maybe should have waited until they had more units up and operating or more working capital,” he said.
“The whole idea of this is not only to shine a light on what these startups and emerging franchises look like, but what’s needed to get them off the mark, so to speak,” Teixeira said. “It’s always grow, grow, grow, which is important, but maybe there should be more focus on having a sound system in the first place.”
Franchise Grade has 2,500 FDDs or franchise disclosure documents in its database, and based its study on those franchises it could identify as start-ups. Part two of the study, expected to be completed in about a month, will drill down into industry sectors and compare systems’ growth patterns.